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Ogam-Inschrift: CIIC-Nr. 180

Ogam Inscription: CIIC no. 180

Original location: Emlagh East

County: Kerry

Surroundings: Trabeg Beach

Year of discovery: 1702

Actual location: =


Fig. 180, 001 Fig. 180, 002 Fig. 180, 003 Fig. 180, w01 Fig. 180, w02

Actual reading:

Latin Transcription: BRUSCCOS MAQQI CAL(IA)C[I

Ogam Transcription: ()[

Ogam Transliteration: ()()[

Direction of reading: du-tr

Other readings, history, comments etc.:

Location and history:

The stone was found by E. Lhuyd, standing in a field near the beach of Trabeg, in the first years of the 18th century ("somewhere between 1702-7"), being the first Ogam stone discovered in Ireland at all (thus according to a letter from Peter Roberts to Vallancey, dated Feb. 1808, quoted in Brash, OIM 173). It was only in 1838 that it was visited a second time, by J. Windele, who copied the inscription; after that, it was inspected by R. Hitchcock and Lady Chatterton. In 1849, it was brought to Chute Hall, Tralee, together with two of the stones from Ballinrannig ({152} and {153}), but before Brash's time it was moved back to its original site ("for some reason": Macalister, CIIC; according to Sheehy, Dingle 16, this was done "because of threats from the emergent nationalists against the absentee landlord"). Ferguson had a rubbing made in 1870. For some time after that, the stone lay "prostrate on the shore at Trabeg (Trigh bheag, "the little strand") and washed over by every tide" (Macalister, CIIC), but between the publishing years of Macalister, Epig. 1 and CIIC it was cemented upon a pedestal.
According to Macalister, CIIC, the stone was erroneously named Siobhine na nGimhlech (lac Sheevaun na geela in Ferguson, OI; Sean na Neelagh in Sheehy, Dingle), a name, which "properly applies to an isolated rock further out on the strand, derived from the name of a local lady who frequently used it as a mounting-block for getting upon her white steed (geal-each)".
There is an alternate name cloch Bruscuis which has no tradition with the local popoulation but was taken over from "Oghmists": this contains a "secondary" gen. Bruscuis to meet the attested (gen.) form Bruscos taken as a nominative (Macalister, Epig. 2, 60 and JRSAI 1897/98). According to Harbison, Guide, it is called "The Priest's Stone".

Size according to Macalister, CIIC: 7'10" x 2'0" x 0'11".

Published illustrations:
Graves apud Ferguson, PRIA 15, 1871, 55 (woodcut);
Brash, OIM pl. XVI (draft of stone and cross);
Macalister, CIIC 173 (draft).

Reading Lhuyd (according to his sketch as quoted by Brash, OIM 173):


Reading Graves apud Ferguson, PRIA 15, 1871, 55:

"Bruscus appears in the Book of Armagh as the name of a Presbyter, ordained by St. Patrick. CALIACUS, I feel sure, is neither more nor less than than the Latinized form of CEALLACH, a very common name." - "The final OS is not an ancient case-ending as some have supposed", but proves "the partiality of the Ogham writers for Latin and Greek forms". - The stone had been referred to by Graves before, in PRIA 4, 1850, 176, as "a finely preserved stone at Emlagh East, near Dingle," which "presents the name BRUSCCOS, which belonged to an ecclesiastic contemporary with St. Patrick."

Reading Brash, OIM 171:

This is Bruscc with "old Gaulish gen. OS"; the name appears also in a Latin inscription at Wigford, Lincolnshire: .. SACRI BRUSCI FILI CIVIS SENONI ..; so this must have been a Gaulish man! - The patronym CALU is a of Cal, cp. Lughaidh Cal in Corca-Laidhe, founder of the Calraighe (Munster Genealog., Misc. Celt. Soc., 25) [some further alluding names follow.] But according to Ferguson [where?] this has rather to be read as CALIACUS than CALU OC OC; according to Graves, it is possibly CALIACI as the gen. of Ceallach. There is a large gap indicating a word boundary between the U and the O, however, and that the final letter is not an I, is approved by J. Brenan.

Reading Ferguson, OI 30 (41.):

"Bruscos Maqi Cal&127;i&127;aci" or Caluoci.
This is rather to be read Caliaci, because the sixth vowel notch was obviously only "abraded"; this would be "a statelier presentation of the ordinary name Cellach. The final I is not visible in the cast, but was filled in on the basis of Ferguson's "own recollection".

Reading Macalister, Epig. 1, 59 (35.: "Emalaugh East"):

This reads CALIACI rather than CALIACIAS, although this "appeared feasible" during examination, the -AS "being apparent on the top of the stone, but probably nothing more than the wide grain of the slaty stone". - "Caliaci is, no doubt, the proto-genitive of the common name Cellach." - "Brusccus is a rare name".

Reading Macalister, CIIC:

The second I of CALIACI "is on the shoulder of the stone. After this the top and the sinister edge are violently spalled; the lower tip of M remains to show that we have here once more an example of hostility to the maqi-mucoi formula". To fill the gap, the restitution of -AS is suggested. The cross must be "older than the Ogham, for L2 of CALIACI has been shortened to avoid running into it." The "hypotenuse bears some small scores capable of being read OBAM"; "they may be merely modern scratches.

Reading O'Kelly, JCHAS 50, 1945, 152:

The last twelve letters of Macalister's transcription in CIIC do not exist at all.

Reading Harbison, Guide 113:


Interpretation Korolev, DP 81:

Thus the reading is complete according to O'Kelly, JCHAS. - The inscription is not later than the middle of the 5th cent., the cross being older than the Ogam inscription.

Reading Sheehy, Dingle 16:

"Christians usually removed pagan forbears from ogham stones .. but this was a Christian stone from the start as part of the inscription was shortened to avoid bumping into the cross".

Reading McManus, Guide 66:

"Ignore the letters after CALIACI in Macalister."

Reading Gippert (1978):

Dexter angle - "up":
There are no indications in favour of Macalister's assumption that the inscription continued after CALIACI.

Additional literature:

Windele, Notices of Cork and its Vicinity .., 400 (according to Brash, OIM 174).
Lady Chatterton, Rambles in the South of Ireland, I, 205.
O'Connor, Rerum Hibernicarum Scriptoris Vet., I, XXXIII
Hall, Ireland, I, 205 "
JRSAI 1897-1898 (Macalister? cf. Epig.

Last changes of this record: 27.04.97

Copyright Jost Gippert, Frankfurt a/M 1996. No parts of this document may be republished in any form without prior permission by the copyright holder.