Text collection: Bactr.Corp. 
Corpus of Bactrian Texts

electronically prepared by Nicholas Sims-Williams,
in connection with the editions published in
Bactrian Documents from Northern Afghanistan,
vols. 1-2, London 2000-2007
(Corpus inscriptionum iranicarum, II, 6/1 and 3/2)

and other editions;

TITUS version by Jost Gippert,
Frankfurt a/M, 11.11.2010

Copyright Nicholas Sims-Williams, 2010

CONTENTS OF THIS FILE: 1. Dated documents; 2. Documents and fragments of uncertain date; 3. Lists and accounts; 4. Letters; 5. Fragments of documents of uncertain type; 6. Buddhist texts.

The present collection of texts is intended to record as fully as possible one of the most sensational discoveries of recent years, a series of more than 150 Bactrian documents written in cursive script on leather, cloth, or wood. In addition to the texts published in BD1 and BD2, it includes Aa (Sims-Williams--de Blois 2006, pp. 185, 187), Nn (Sims-Williams 2009), O (Sims-Williams 2007), R, S, Ss, Tt, Uu, an (Sims-Williams 2005), am1-38 (Sims-Williams 2008), bi (BD3), jj and zd (Sims-Williams forthcoming). Although it is not a document, I have also included the Tang-i Safedak inscription (TiS, Lee--Sims-Williams 2003). In the case of documents which have been published more than once (Nn, O, R, S, am1-29, zb, zd), it is of course the most recent readings and interpretations which are registered in the glossary and reverse index; the corrigenda listed in BD2 have likewise been taken into account.

Further corrections: am30+37 have now been recognized to join, with text σασκο οηρο β̣α̣[νδ]α̣γο αζγαμ̣ο; co4f read μισιδο̣ τ̣|ọ χοηο; TiS9 read ιαβργ̣ο.

Lee, J., and Sims-Williams, N., 2003. "The antiquities and inscription of Tang-i Safedak", SRAA, IX, pp. 159-84.
Sims-Williams, N., 2005. "Bactrian legal documents from 7th- and 8th-century Guzgan", BAI, XV, 2001 [2005], pp. 9-29.
--   2007. "A Bactrian quarrel", BAI, XVII, 2003 [2007], pp. 9-15.
--   2008. "Bactrian tallies", Chomolangma, Demawend und Kasbek, Festschrift für Roland Bielmeier (Beiträge zur Zentralasienforschung, Band 12, ed. B. Huber, M. Volkart and P. Widmer), Halle, pp. 525-32.
--   2009. "Before the quarrel: a Bactrian purchase contract", BAI, XIX, 2005 [2009], pp. 191-8.
--   forthcoming. "Two late Bactrian documents".
--   forthcoming, a. Bactrian Documents from Northern Afghanistan III: Plates (= BD3).
--   and de Blois, F., 1998. "The Bactrian calendar", BAI, X, 1996 [1998], pp. 149-65.

The following conventions are employed in the transliteration of the text:
   Subscript points (e.g.
α̣β̣ο̣) indicate uncertain readings.
   A bullet (
) represents an illegible letter.
   [ ] indicate letters to be restored where the text is broken off or completely illegible.
   < > indicate words or letters added secondarily (usually above the line).
   ( ) indicate words or letters omitted by the scribe, e.g. by haplography. (Deliberate abbreviations are only expanded where they seem likely to cause confusion, as in the case of
μ̅ο̅λ̅ρ(αγ)ο "sealed document", R21, to be distinguished from μολρο "seal").
   { } indicate words or letters written in error (e.g. by dittography or erroneous anticipation) which should be deleted.
Punctuation marks and diacritics such as lines over the letters are reproduced in the printed text approximately as they appear in the manuscript. However, single letters used as numerals are transcribed in the usual Greek manner (e.g.
αʹ, βʹ, γʹ; but ˏα = 1000), regardless of the exact manner of writing (often in an especially elaborate shape or with diacritic points). For a full discussion of the numeral signs in the Bactrian documents and inscriptions see Sims-Williams 1999a.
A form of initial
α resembling the numeral αʹ is frequently found in αβο "to" and ασο "from" as the opening word of a letter. This is transliterated as a capital Α. The unusually elaborate form of initial α- found in A1 and ab20 is also transliterated as a capital Α, though it should be noted that it is not identical to the form of initial α used in αβο and ασο.
Regarding the symbol transliterated as
Δ see "Notes on orthography and grammar", $1.1.
The letter
ο never joins the following letter and is thus in principle distinct from α and δ, both of which normally join the following letter or at least have an off-stroke leading towards it. The unjoined form is consistently transliterated as ο, even where one might expect α, since there is clear evidence that α (= ā or ă) is sometimes reduced to ο (= ə?) or lost altogether in late Bactrian. Occasionally the letter ο (especially when it is followed by another ο) is written with an off-stroke pointing downwards to the right. It is not clear whether this manner of writing has any phonetic significance. Such cases are indicated in the text by means of the symbol οˈ as in ιαοˈο "grain" (K5, 8, 16), βοˈνο "land" (L7'), ιοˈνο "apprentice"(?) (N14'), ιοˈοηδανο "eternal" (U10), ταοˈανο (W31') or ταοˈοανο "fine" (Y24), γαοˈοανο "obligation" (Y21).
A long dash ( -- ) indicates an area, often within a word, which has been left uninscribed, e.g. because of an old imperfection in the leather or, in a note on the outside of a letter, because of the space taken up by the clay sealing.
A swung dash ( ~ ) represents a simple off-stroke or a more elaborate final flourish (sometimes looking like
-ασασ, -σανν-, -σαι etc.), which marks a word (often an abbreviation) as the last word of a text.
A back slash ( \ ) is used to indicate a line-break occurring within a word.

Some of these texts are preserved in two copies on a single sheet. In such cases, in order to facilitate comparison of the two versions, the text of the second (open) copy is printed immediately below that of the first (closed) copy [and printed in italic characters in the TITUS version]. A prime is used to distinguish the second copy (e.g. C') from the first (e.g. C). Since the two versions sometimes differ considerably, each is provided with a separate translation.

Text genre: Dat.Doc. 
1. Dated documents

Text: A 

Line: 1    
χϸονο ρʹ ιʹ Αυρηζνο* μα̅ο̅ ̅σ̅α̅χ̅το Αβαμοχοινο* ρωσο καλ̣δο νοβιχτο μο ολοβω-
Line: 2    
στογο μαλο αβο μο ρωβαγγο ϸα̅ρ̅ο̅ ̅αβιιο ανδαγο σιδο στηβο ριζδο αζδηβδο ειμουανο αστ-
Line: 3    
ηβιγ̣ανο αζαβοργανο οιγαλϕανο μολροδηβγα̣νο κ̣ιδο ι ωνδο λιβο ζαν̣ινδο ταδο αβο μασκο̣
Line: 4    
πιδοναμγο νοβιχτιγινδο οδο κιδο ι ωνδο λιβο ναζανινδο ταδοιηνο αβο μο νιγο λιστοβαρο κι̣-
Line: 5    
ρδο πισ̣ο οινδοω̅ρ̅ο̅μ̅οζδο κολαγανο ιανδαγοβιδο οδο πισο χοαδηολαδο ιαστονικανο οδο πι̣-
Line: 6    
σο οαραζοω̅ρ̅ο̅μ̅οζδο χοασραογανο οδο πισο αβδαβοκο παβογανο οδο πισο ασπαλομ̅ι̅ρ̅ο̅
Line: 7    
ιωλικανο οδο πισο βαγοβα̅ο̅ ̅ι̅α̅βιϸταδο οδο πισο μανδαρουανισο στηβιγαν̣ο αζαβοργανο̣
Line: 8    
οιγαλϕανο μολροδηβγανο πιδοοασατο χοακαμο χοασινδο βαγοϕαρνο ζαμωδο̣ πο̅ρ̅ο̣̅
Line: 9    
οδο βαβο οδο πιδοκο βαγοϕαρνο πορανανο ζαουοζαδγανο κιδο ωσο νοβανδο νινδοκο ι ω-
Line: 10    
χϸοβαδογα̣νο πιδο αζαδο ασπασο ποροχηζαμο μισιδο ζιϸτο μα̣νο βαγοϕαρνο ασαϕαγο
Line: 11    
ϕαροοηϸο οδασαϕαγο νωγοσανινδο ιαλωγδο ασονωυο ειο ζινο κιδο ραλικο να̣μο ϕαρι-
Line: 12    
μουανο πο̅ρ̅α̅ν̅ανο ολο ϕαρο βαβο οδο̣ ϕαρο πιδοκο ιϑαυατανο ληρηιο αζο βαγοϕαρνο̣
Line: 13    
αβο μασκο νοβιχτισο ζινο κιδο ραλικο ναμο ασνωυο ασνωυογωγγο αβο οισπο αστο σ̣ιδ̣ο̣μ-
Line: 14    
ηνο ωσο αστο οδο σιδανο ασο μαβρισο αλϕανζαμηιο ιϑασαγωνδο ασνωυο πορδο αβο
Line: 15    
λριγδο σαγωνδο αβο μο λαμο νοβανδανο οτο πιδοοασατο βαβο οδο πιδοκο αγγιτιδο αμαχ-
Line: 16    
ο μανο βαβο οδο πιδοκο αβο ραλικο ολο ολογωγγο αβο οισπο αστο σιδομηνο ωσο αστ-
Line: 17    
ο οδο σιδανο ασο μαβρισο αλϕανζαμηι̣ο ϕινζο ϕρομανζο ιϑασαγωνδο αβο μο λαμο νοβα-
Line: 18    
νδανο οτανο μαπαδοαϸχανηιο αζο βαβο οδαζο πιδοκο ανδαρο ολο αβο κιρδο οδο μαζαδ̣ο πιδο-
Line: 19    
ρωϕσο αβο λριγδο σιδανο ραλικο μαυοσινδηιο οδο καλδανο αζο βαβο αλαζο πιδοκο ανδαρο̣
Line: 20    
ολο κιρινδηιο αλο αζαδο πιδορωϕσο ληρινδηιο σιδανο ραλικο μαυοσινδηιο ταδανο̣
Line: 21    
λαυινδηιο ταο̣ανο αβο ϸα̅ο̅γ̅α̅νο γαζνο ζαροζιδγο κʹ διναρο οδο δαϕρηλο ϕαρο παδαρλο̣-
Line: 22    
γο [ο]το πιδοοασατο νινδοκο μοζδαοανινδο πο̅ρ̅ο̅ ̅ο̅δο ιαμϸοβανδαγο οδο παπο οδο ιατο̣
Line: 23    
νινδοκο πο̅ρ̅α̅ν̅α̅νο κιδο καδγο ωχϸοβαδογανο ριζδο κοοαδο αμαχο αβο ραλικο χοαδο ζ-
Line: 24    
ιϸτο οτο πιδιδο ιειρο υοσινδαμο οτανο μαπαδοαϸχανινδηιο αζο νινδοκο οδαζο ιαμϸο̣-
Line: 25    
βανδαγο οδαζο παπο οδαζο ιατο ϕαρο ραλικο ιαοαργο οδο ταραζο αβο λαδο οδο μασιδανο α-
Line: 26    
σο̣ ραλικ̣ο αζιιηιο οδο σιδανο ασο ραλικο πο̅ρ̅ο̅ ̅α̅ζιιηιο ταδανο πιδο χοβο χοαρηι̣ο̣*
Line: 27    
οτο πιδο υαργο κιρη̣ιο πιδο αζαδο ασπασο σαγωνδο νιιαγο οδο πιδο κιρδο οδο σιδαν̣ο̣
Line: 28    
λ̣ογδο αζιιηιο τα̣κ̣οοαδανο πιδο οδο ιμαδο οδο γωυριγο υ̣οσινδηιο* αβηγ̣ο αβο λαδο ταδ̣[ο]-
Line: 29    
ιανο λαυινδηιο οδο καλδανο αζο νινδοκο αλαζο ιαμϸοβανδαγο αλαζο παπο αλαζο ιατο οιζ̣α̣-
Line: 30    
γγ[οδ]αρο κιρηιο αλδανο ϕαρο ραλικο ιαοαργο αλο ταραζο λαυινδηιο οδαλδο ιϑαχοανι̣ν̣δ̣-
Line: 31    
ηιο κοοαδομηνο αβο ραλικ̣ο ζα̣δικανο βανζο αλο μαρηγο βουδο βηγο πιδο αζαδο ασπασο
Line: 32    
σαγωνδο νιιαγο οδο πιδο ταδο λαυινδηιο ταοανο αβο ϸα̅ο̅γ̅ανο γαζνο ζ[α]ρ̣οζιδγο κʹ διναρο
Line: 33    
οδο δαϕρηλο ϕαρο παδαρλογο οτομηνο ιϑαησο χοανδο ο̣δ̣ο̣ ο̣ι̣σ̣α̣ρο̣[ ναοαο]ορο* αβουδ̣ηιο
Line: 34    
ναμαγγ̣ο̣ κωσ̣οβο αʹ βαρζο αʹ οανοσ̣τ̣ο̣σ̣ι̣γο αʹ ραγαζο •ʹ[ ............... ......]δ̣ομιγγο αʹ λ̣ι-
Line: 35    
σ̣τ̣οβα̣νδιγο δʹ ϸκ̣ομιν̣ο* βʹ καϕϸινο ιογδιγο γʹ ποσο̣ βʹ [............... γανδο]μ̣ο μιδο̣ γʹ

At the bottom of the page

Line: 36    


Line: na    
Α- here represents a normal α- preceded by a flourish similar to an oversized κ. Cf. note to ab20. ^
Line: nb    
-α- blotted and rewritten below. ^
Line: nc    
Or υοσινδ(ινδ)ηιο. ^
Line: nd    
Apparently not ]αρο. ^
Line: ne    
Or ϸκαμινο, ϸνομικο, etc. ^

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This text is part of the TITUS edition of Bactrian Corpus (NSW).

Copyright TITUS Project, Frankfurt a/M, 4.12.2010. No parts of this document may be republished in any form without prior permission by the copyright holder.